Sunday, August 23, 2015

Nutrition Experiences at Framingham State University

This past school year I had the opportunity to work as a graduate assistant at The John C. Stalker Institute of Food and Nutrition at Framingham State University. The John Stalker Institute (JSI) provides information, resources, and workshops for Massachusetts school and child nutrition professionals, to address child nutrition and healthy nutrition environments. My work involved publicizing professional development, resources, and information about school nutrition through social media. I also attended JSI workshops and events, such as a Back to Basics: Fresh Vegetables and Fruits Workshop to Go and the 2015 Healthy Kids, Healthy Programs Summit.

Prepared dishes from a Back to Basics: Fresh Vegetables and Fruits Workshop to Go
2015 Healthy Kids, Healthy Programs Summit: Day One - The Learning Connection with Dr. Robert Murray
I enjoyed learning about school nutrition and expanding my skills in online communications through my work at JSI. Read posts that I wrote for the JSI blog and that I contributed to about the Chefs in Schools initiative in Beverly Public Schools on the Chefs Move to Schools blog.

Although I am no longer at JSI, I have an exciting and busy year ahead! This will be my final year of graduate school in the Coordinated Program of Dietetics at Framingham State University. My research for the fall is on a contemporary topic: treating irritable bowel syndrome with probiotics. Supervised practice experiences that I will have include a clinical rotation at Lowell General Hospital, foodservice and school nutrition rotations in the Needham Public Schools, and a community nutrition rotation to be determined. After beginning to study nutrition at Boston University for my bachelor's degree in 2007, I am looking forward to being eligible to take the national exam to become a registered dietitian next year!

Tuesday, May 19, 2015

How to Make Your Own Lip Balm

Making your own lip balm is very simple and rewarding. You only need two ingredients: oil and beeswax. In this post, I will provide directions on how to make your own lip balm, accompanied with photos to illustrate the process.

Homemade Lip Balm Slideshow
Photos are numbered in the same steps as the directions.

Homemade Lip Balm Recipe

Ingredients:
  • 3 oz. oil
    • Such as almond oil, apricot kernel oil, avocado oil, coconut oil, olive oil, and more. Or, a combination of oils.
  • 1 oz. beeswax
  • Essential oils (optional, adds fragrance and prolongs the shelf-life of the lip balm)
    • Such as cinnamon, lavender, and peppermint
  • Empty lip balm tubes, jars, or containers for the lip balm
    • Contact lens cases are also a perfect size!
Directions:
  1. Fill a pot a few inches high with water on the stove over medium-heat, to make a hot water bath.
  2. Combine the beeswax and oil in a heat-proof measuring cup.
  3. Put the measuring cup in the hot water bath. Occasionally stir the oil and beeswax well with a spoon. Take off the heat immediately once all of the beeswax is melted. (Do not turn the heat up to high, because you do not want the oil to go rancid).
  4. Slowly and carefully pour the oil and beeswax mixture into your lip balm containers. 
    • Optional: If you would like to use essential oils, they should be added at the last step. Because essential oils are volatile, they evaporate easily. After pouring the oil and beeswax mixture into a container, add the essential oil and cap the container immediately. I usually add 1 drop of essential oil per lip balm tube (0.15 oz) or ~5 drops per 0.5 oz lip balm.
  5. Let the lip balm containers sit upright, until they cool down to room temperature.
Finished lip balms
You can also make red tinted lip gloss using the same methods above with 3 oz. alkanet-root infused extra virgin olive oil, 1 tbsp. castor oil, 1 oz. beeswax, and optional essential oil.

Red tinted lip gloss 

A few suggestions on where to purchase ingredients:
Recipe inspired by Earthly Bodies & Heavenly Hair, my Boston School of Herbal Studies courses, and personal experience.

Monday, March 16, 2015

Homemade Body Creams

Have you ever wondered how to make your own body cream? After learning how to make my own, I have never looked back. I often describe making a body cream as similar to but more complex than making mayonnaise, which is an emulsion.

To make body creams, I create an emulsion by combining water and fats, which normally do not mix. The water in homemade body creams makes them very hydrating for the skin: the recipe calls for equal amounts of fats and water, with beeswax aiding in the emulsification process. Below are directions and photos for how to make body creams. The photos in the photo gallery help to illustrate the process, numbered with the same steps as the directions. I recommend looking through the photo gallery and reading through the entire directions ahead of time.

Homemade Body Creams


Homemade Body Cream Recipe

Ingredients:
  • 6 oz. liquid oil
    • Such as almond oil, apricot kernel oil, jojoba oil, olive oil, and more. Or, a combination of liquid oils.
  • 3 oz. solid oil/fat
    • For example, cocoa butter, shea butter, coconut oil, or a combination.
  • 1 oz. beeswax
  • 9 oz. distilled water (room temperature)
    • Distilled water is recommend to prolong the shelf-life of the cream
    • Floral waters are another great option
  • 80 drops essential oil (optional, adds fragrance and prolongs the shelf-life of the cream)
    • Such as lavender, rosemary, tea tree, others, or a combination.
  • Jars for the creams
  • Blender or food processor
Directions:
  1. Combine the liquid oil, solid fat, and beeswax in a 16-oz. glass measuring cup.
  2. Place the measuring cup in a pot partly filled with water, and heat on the stove over medium heat. Occasionally stir with a spoon until the solid fats and beeswax melt.
  3. Remove the cup from the pot and allow the mixture to cool down to room temperature. Occasionally mix the mixture with a spoon to ensure the temperature and consistency is even. The mixture will become thick and creamy.
    • This can take over an hour.
    • This process can be sped up by putting the cup in the refrigerator or a cool water bath. If this is done, occasionally stir the mixture and check the mixture frequently to check that the mixture does not get too solid or too cool.
  4. While waiting, put the 9 oz. of room temperature distilled water in your food processor or blender. 
  5. When the oil mixture has cooled down to room temperature, turn on the blender or food processor. Add a LITTLE of the oil mixture at a time to the distilled water. Continue this process VERY SLOWLY.
    • You are creating an emulsion, encouraging water and oil to combine, although they normally do not mix.
    • If you add the oil mixture too quickly, the emulsion may not form or it may separate.
    • The emulsion process is facilitated when the oil mixture and distilled water are around the same temperature.
    • Alternatively, you could do the reverse process: add the oil mixture to the blender and slowly add the water to it. I have not tried this yet, however.
  6. It may take a bit of time for the fats and water to completely combine. The cream should become thick and white if the emulsion forms. 
    • Do not turn off the blender or food processor until the emulsion completely forms.
  7. Pour the cream into a 32-oz. measuring cup.
  8. Mix in the essential oils to the cream if desired.
  9. Pour the cream into small jars for storage. The cream will become more thick as it sets.
    • These creams are perishable. Adding optional ingredients, such as essential oils or vitamin E, can help to preserve them. Refrigeration can prolong the shelf-life of your creams as well. I typically keep one jar out of the fridge for use, and store the rest in the fridge until I am ready to use them.
  10. Enjoy!
Homemade body creams

Friday, September 5, 2014

School Nutrition and Gardening

Welcome to the new school year! This month I begin my position as a graduate assistant with the John C. Stalker Institute of Food and Nutrition at Framingham State University. The John Stalker Institute (JSI) provides information, resources, and workshops for Massachusetts school and child nutrition professionals, to address child nutrition and healthy nutrition environments. Visit the JSI website to learn more about the institute. My work will relate to social media and online communications, and I am looking forward to learning more about school nutrition.

On the topic of school nutrition, I would like to share an infographic that I made and some information that I gathered on school gardening and nutrition, for my Computers in Nutrition Education course that I took last semester. Enjoy!

School Gardening and Nutrition

There are many good reasons to incorporate gardening into the classroom. School gardens are a great way to get children physically active, and to engage student interest while teaching them about science, nutrition, and numerous other topics. In particular, several studies have demonstrated benefits of school gardening in relation to nutrition. For example:
  • In 3rd-5th grade students who participated in gardening activities in Texas, students had an increased preference for vegetables and an increased preference for fruits and vegetables as a snack.
  • Morris and colleagues found that in 1st grade students involved with a school-gardening program, students better identified food-groups and were more willing to taste vegetables.
  • In a study on 4th grade students in California, the students who were involved in garden-based nutrition education had a greater preference for vegetables, including snow peas and zucchini, compared to a control group and a group that only had classroom-based nutrition education. In a six-month follow up, the garden group still had greater preferences for broccoli, zucchini, and snow peas compared to the other groups.
The development of eating habits begins at an early age, and garden-based learning is one effective way to incorporate nutrition education into the classroom and to promote healthy eating habits. For more benefits of school gardening, please see the infographic below (click on the image to enlarge it if needed).


Sources:

Thursday, July 24, 2014

Mochi Waffles

If you have never had mochi, you are missing out. Mochi is a traditional Japanese sticky rice cake, and it is delicious!

Assorted mochi from Mochi Kitchen


Pictured above is an assortment of freshly made mochi from Mochi Kitchen, based in Somerville, MA. Although I have not made my own mochi from scratch before, I have bought pre-made Grainaissance Mochi from Whole Foods.

Brown rice, Grainaissance Mochi
 Just pre-heat the oven to 450°F, and cut the mochi into 1" - 2" squares.

Mochi to be baked
Bake 8-10 minutes until the mochi puffs up, and they're done! Eat the mochi as is, or with sauces.

Baked mochi
When I first heard about mochi waffles from my friend Sean Kushi, who ate them growing up, I could not believe I had not heard about them before. Waffles made out of mochi? Yes, please! Making mochi waffles, or moffles, is easy and quick; and they are gluten-free and tasty.

Luckily, I was already equipped with a waffle maker.

Black & Decker Waffle Maker
Pre-heat the waffle maker, and coat the surfaces with oil. When the waffle iron is ready, put in the mochi, cut to your preferred size.

Mochi in the waffle maker
Cook the mochi for about 4-5 minutes, depending on your waffle maker.

Mochi waffle
And your mochi waffle is ready! Eat moffles with maple syrup, natto, nut butters, or any toppings of your choosing. Savory or sweet toppings can be used, and check out some other topping ideas towards the end of this article from Serious Eats. Enjoy!

Friday, May 30, 2014

A Visit to Vancouver

I had a great time visiting a college friend in Vancouver this past month. Here are some highlights from my trip!

The City of Vancouver is a major tourist destination, and it is very beautiful. Vancouver tends to have a mild climate year-round, with warm summer days, and a rainy winter season. The city is very walkable, and there are bike lanes everywhere. Driving and public transportation are other options to get around Vancouver. In addition, there are many parks all over the city.

Vancouver
Grocery prices in Vancouver are quite high, although I did make some interesting finds, including this marinated cabbage, primed for fermenting.

Marinated, sour cabbage
On my first full day in Vancouver, my friend and I visited Granville Island Public Market. You can get to Granville Island by walking, by public transportation, and by ferry. I enjoyed going to Granville Island Public Market, and I went there twice during my stay. The public market features homemade products and independent food vendors. I had a delicious focaccia from Terra Breads at the public market, and the best chocolate covered mocha beans I've ever had from Bon Mano Bon.

Granville Island Public Market
My friend showed my around Vancouver, and we visited several cultural landmarks, such as the Inukshuk.

Inukshuk
We also went to the International Summer Night Market in nearby Richmond, British Columbia, which was a blast!

International Summer Night Market
I found out that Lululemon stores offer complimentary yoga classes once a week, so that is what I did the following morning. For lunch, my friend and I had delicious lunch sets at Kingyo, which offers Japanese cuisine. We both ordered Kingyo's assorted deluxe bento box for lunch (limited to only 10 sets per day). It was amazing.

Kingyo's assorted deluxe bento box
After walking off some of our lunch, we decided to have gelato at Bella Gelateria, which has been voted to have some of the best gelato in the world. Mmmmmm.

Akbar mashti (rosewater, saffron, pistachio, and cream) and black sesame gelato
I also did some explorations of my own. This included renting a bike and biking around Stanley Park, and visiting the Vancouver Aquarium.

Anemones and rockfishes at the Vancouver Aquarium
I stopped by VanDusen Botanical Garden, which originally was a golf course before the site was transformed into a botanical garden and opened to the public in 1975.

VanDusen Botanical Garden
 There are many gorgeous flowers and plants at VanDusen Botanical Garden.


I visited the University of British Columbia (UBC) as well, which has a nice campus.

University of British Columbia
At the University of British Columbia, I went to the Beaty Biodiversity Museum, a natural history museum. At the Beaty Biodiversity Museum, I saw numerous preserved animals and skeletons, and I was lucky to catch the beginning of their Herbarium Project exhibition.

Rattlesnake skeleton
I also went to the Nitobe Memorial Garden at UBC, which is beautiful!

Nitobe Memorial Garden
For my last dinner before I left Vancouver, my friend and I ate at Nuba, which provides Lebanese cuisine.
One course of "La Feast," a vegetarian mezze sampler at Nuba
For dessert, we had donuts from Cartems Donuterie, including a Vegan Earl Grey donut and a Honey Parmesan donut. Yum!


I enjoyed seeing my friend and traveling to Vancouver. It was a relaxing visit, and Vancouver is a great city to explore and to eat delicious food!

Thursday, March 20, 2014

Amazaké: Fermenting Rice With a Rice Cooker

The fermentation adventures continue! It has been some time since I first fermented rice a few years ago. Since then, I have learned a few tricks of the trade. Although I have already written about fermenting rice, here I am going to share with you my latest tips and directions on how to make amazaké using a rice cooker.

Amazaké (also spelled amasake) literally means "sweet sake," although it does not contain alcohol. Amazaké is a sweet rice drink, made with rice that is fermented with koji. Koji is cultured grain inoculated with spores of Aspergillus oryzae, which is a fungus (a mold). Koji can be used to ferment other foods besides amazaké, including miso, sake, and rice vinegar. I purchased organic brown rice koji (and a few other goodies!) online from South River Miso, a local company based in Conway, MA.

Brown rice koji, miso tamari, and a miso sampler kit from South River Miso
The koji room at South River Miso, where koji is incubated. This photo was taken when I toured the company in 2012.
Besides being nutritious, amazaké is delicious, and fun and easy to make! Not sure if you like amazaké? You can find amazaké sold at Whole Foods Market if you would like to try it first.  

The Bridge Amasake sold at Whole Foods Market
Here are my latest directions on how to make amazaké using a rice cooker, inspired by South River Miso's amazaké recipe. As with all recipes, you will find different instructions for how to make amazaké if you look at other sources.

Amazaké recipe using a rice cooker

*Please note that this recipe may be scaled proportionally, to make as much or as little amazaké as you would like.

Ingredients and materials:
  • 1 cup brown rice
  • 1/2 cup brown rice koji
  • 4 cups water, divided (or more if desired)
  • Rice cooker
  • Thermometer (optional)

Directions:
  1. Cook the rice according to your rice cooker's instructions. I cook 1 cup brown rice with 2 cups of water. Do not add salt.
  2. After the rice is cooked, mix the rice. Add 1 cup of water to the rice and mix this in as well. Check the temperature of the rice. The temperature should be under 140°F. Give the rice time to cool down with the cover removed if necessary.
  3. When the rice has cooled down to under 140°F, mix in the koji.
    • Adding more koji to the ratio will make the amazaké sweeter.
    Brown rice with koji
  4. Keep the rice and koji mixture warm as it ferments. 
    • In the book "Wild Fermentation," Sandor Ellix Katz notes that the rice can ferment at temperatures in-between 90°F - 140°F. However, South River Miso recommends fermenting the rice in-between 115°F - 130°F. The higher the temperature, the faster the rice will ferment.
    • To keep the rice warm, I found it effective to prop the rice cooker cover on top of chopsticks, and to keep the rice cooker on the "keep warm" function. The temperature of the mixture was around 137°F with this method, and this worked out well for me. 
    • Ferment the rice for 5-8 hours or so.
      • If you are fermenting the rice at a lower temperature, you may also ferment the rice overnight or for up to 24 hours. The rice will get sweeter the longer it ferments.
    • It helps to occasionally mix the rice around every hour or so if possible. This helps to prevent the top layer from drying out.
    • During the fermentation process, enzymes secreted by Aspergillus oryzae break down some of the complex carbohydrates in the rice into simple sugars, which is how amazaké becomes sweet. As the rice ferments, it will begin to taste and smell sweet, and it may develop a liquid consistency.
      Keeping the ferment warm with the "keep warm" function
  5. When the rice tastes to your liking, add and mix in 1 cup water (or more if desired) to the fermented rice. Turn the rice cooker on the "cook" function for around 15 minutes, with the cover removed. Mix the rice constantly to prevent it from sticking to the bottom. Heating up the rice at a higher temperature with the "cook" function will stop the fermentation process, preventing the sugars from eventually turning into alcohol. 
    Fermented rice - amazaké
  6. Enjoy amazaké hot or cold. Amazaké can be stored in the refrigerator, and should keep for at least two weeks or more. My amazaké usually turns out thick like porridge. However, you will often see amazaké served as a beverage. If your amazaké is not thin enough to serve as a drink, water or any type of vegan "milk" can be added to it, and blended to create a drink. Amazaké can also be used as a sweetener substitute.

    Amazaké blended with almond milk and coconut milk
Amazaké with coconut milk, almonds, candied ginger, and cinnamon
Variations:
  • Try fermenting other grains with koji, such as millet.

Interested in fermentation beyond amazaké? Stay tuned to Boston Ferments if you live in the Boston area, and mark your calendars for the next Boston Fermentation Festival on September 27, 2014!